Bhutan, King of Bhutan, Kingdom of Bhutan
The Kingdom of Bhutan, the land of the peaceful thunder-dragon or Druk Yül,
is the last authentic Buddhist country in the Himalayas. Bhutan is on its way
to convert from a formerly absolute into a parliamentary monarchy similar to
The enlightened King of Bhutan, H.M. Jigme Singye Wangchuck is the driving
force behind this development and modernisation the speed of which fills the
Bhutanese people to a certain degree with awe. The King of Bhutan has ordered
to elaborate a draft for a constitution and to submit it for discussion to
all relevant Bhutanese institutions and to the Bhutanese public in general.
The Bhutanese people are to give their verdict on this constitution in the
near future. After the adoption of the constitution, Bhutan will, for the
first time, have democratic parties. But the constitution foresees that only
the two parties who emerge as the strongest from the first elections, will
send deputies into the new parliament of Bhutan. In this way it is envisaged
to prevent the unhealthy situation where splinter parties dominate the parliament
as observed in other countries.
In order to set an example for the forthcoming democratisation of the kingdom,
the impressively modest King of Bhutan, H.M. Jigme Singye Wangchuck, just
51 years old, has made public his decision to resign in 2008 and to hand over
the royal office to the Crown Prince, H.R.H. Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, his
Bhutan, King of Bhutan, Kingdom of Bhutan
The Kingdom of Bhutan, the land of the peaceful thunder dragon or Druk Yül, is the last authentic Buddhist country in the Himalayas. Eventually, has joined the democratic countries of the world. It now is a constitutional Monarchy similar to Great Britain. At the end of 2007 it experienced its first free and democratic elections for the new “National Council”, in March 2008 for the new “National Assembly”. The new constitution rules that only 2 parties will send MPs into the National Assembly, the winner of the majority will form the Bhutanese government, the looser the opposition. In this way it is envisaged to prevent the unhealthy situation where splinter parties can dominate the parliament as observed in other countries.
The Bhutanese election bill is responsible for the result of the first election: the pure “majority rule” has brought a totally unexpected result by giving the winning DPT (Harmony Party) 45 of the 47 seats, the loosing party PDP (Peoples Democratic Party) only 2 seats. And this despite the fact that about 33% of the voters voted for PDP. The election bill shall be discussed for possible revision at the and of the second parliamentary period in 2017. The first democratic Prime Minister of Bhutan, Jigmi Y. Thinley, has included into his cabinet of 10 line ministers 2 ministers form Southern Bhutan. Also the Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly belongs to this ethnic group. This demonstrates the government’s willingness to integrate the Nepali speaking community in Bhutan.
One of the first and paramount tasks of the new Parliament (Upper and Lower House combined), was to formally adopt in June 2008 the first written constitution for Bhutan. The enlightened 4th King of Bhutan, H.M. Jigme Singye Wangchuck was the driving force behind this democratic development and modernisation; their speed has filled and still fills the Bhutanese people to a certain degree with awe. The 4th King of Bhutan, 5 years ago, had ordered to elaborate a draft for a constitution and to submit it for discussion to all relevant Bhutanese institutions and to the Bhutanese public in general. One of the fruits of the intensive years’ long familiarization of the Bhutanese public with the future constitution was an extraordinarily high participation, nearly 80 %, of the electorate in the very first democratic election in Bhutan.
His Majesty the 4th King coronates His Majesty the 5th King with the Raven Crown
In order to set an example for the democratisation of the kingdom, the impressively modest 4th King of Bhutan, H.M. Jigme Singye Wangchuck, then just 51 years old, some time ago, had made public His decision to resign latest in 2008. To the surprise of the whole Kingdom, H.M. the 4th King, in a ceremony held on December 14th, 2006, handed over the royal offices to the Crown Prince, his eldest son. From this day, H.M. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, then 26 years old, had assumed the responsibilities of the King of Bhutan.
The Coronation of H.M. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, 5th King of Bhutan or Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) which the Bhutanese people were looking forward with greatest anticipation, was divided in two parts: the spiritual coronation and the formal state coronation. The astrologer-monks had found the 1. and the 6. November, 2008, in Bhutanese calendar the 8th and the 13th day of the ninth month of the Earthen Rat Year, as the most auspicious days for the two paramount events; the former in the Punakha Dzong, the latter in the Thimphu Dzong.
These coronation ceremonies and the accompanying festivities were the apogee of the “Celebration of 100 Years Wangchuk Monarchy” in 2008 and 2009.
» PDF detailed Report: The Coronation of H.M. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, 5th King of Bhutan or Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) in the Punakha Dzong on 1. November 2008
See also excerpts from photographic picture book BHUTAN by Harald N. Nestroy, Edition Panorama (3. edition 2012):
» From Absolute to Constitutional Monarchy
» Gross National Happiness